The critical thinking seeks to examine the facts and what surrounds us in a thoughtful and self-reflexive manner, avoiding the impulses and actions without thinking. It also forces us to weigh our motivations in the balance and to analyze whether the reasons we evoke correspond to rationality.
When we need to make a decision, critical thinking can also help us to increase the number of positive choices we make. All available options must be scrutinized and subject to skepticism.
5 strategies to improve critical thinking
1) Formulate a problem
The first step towards critical thinking is related to the formulation of vital problems and questions, with clarity and precision. This is the basis of this type of thinking, the reflection on a certain problem that can be social, political or personal, among others. At this point, begin your path of reflection and search for solutions to the complexity of life.
2) Gather information
In order to be able to have a critical thought on a certain topic it is important that we have knowledge of the cause and for that we need to gather information through books, Internet research or conversations with specialists.
If we need to make a decision, critical thinking will also help us choose the best path and the better informed we are about the different options the better. Accumulate and evaluate all relevant information at your fingertips and use abstract ideas to actively interpret the information. It reaches conclusions and solutions through relevant criteria.
3) Apply the information to make the best decision
It is possible to implement this strategy by asking questions. For example, when facing a decision we can ask: What concepts are at stake? What assumptions are there? Is my interpretation of the information logical?
4) Consider the implications
In this field it is very important to understand all the implications even those that are most unpredictable. Has an open mind, recognizes, assesses the assumptions, implications and practical consequences of a thought or action
5) Explore other points of view
In this way, we are able to explore alternatives and evaluate our choices, helping us to think in a more informed way.
On a daily basis we spend time processing information and making decisions, although most of the time the process is done mechanically. There is nothing better than being aware of whether or not we are using our reasoning properly.
The critical thinking is one of the soft skills that companies are currently value and is also linked to communication, why not just have it easy to express ideas is also essential that they are consistent and able to present solutions.